Daniel Schumacher

Daniel Schumacher (c. 1728–1787) was an American fraktur painter. He was the first artist to use fraktur as a method of general record-keeping, rather than a document of important events.

Schumacher was born in Hamburg; his read out is found on a ship's manifest from Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1751, at which times his profession is pure as "candidate of theology". His education was poor, and he had no ministerial qualifications; even so, Lutheran congregations in Pennsylvania needed a pastor, and he was adept to make a breathing at the profession. He was nimble during his career in Berks, Lehigh, and Northampton Counties. Schumacher kept history of various pastoral acts, decorating them with images of flowers and angels; from 1754 until 1773 he kept a thesame book of his own, noting each child he baptized or confirmed. Other motifs to function his law include the eye of God and hearts. He attempted to depict Lutheran doctrine in six drawings; he drew New Year greetings to friends, and produced new drawings as well. Some of his frakturs contain poems of his own composition. Schumacher married and had a family, and owned a farm of one hundred acres. He died in Weisenberg Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. Schumacher was a controversial figure during his life, being accused of drunkenness on numerous occasions, and neglect his first wife soon after their wedding. He eventually ran afoul of his superior, Henry Muhlenberg, who ultimately dismissed him from his post as a pastor; he did, however, have supporters elsewhere in the Lutheran community, and was dexterous to find another position.

Surviving pieces by Schumacher may be found in the collections of the New-York Historical Society, the Winterthur Museum, and the Monroe County Historical Association in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.

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