Edward Bailey (1814–1903) was the most accomplished of the Hawaiian missionary mature artists in Hawaii. Along behind his wife Caroline Hubbard, Bailey arrived in Hawaii as a missionary-teacher in 1837 on the ship Mary Frazier. He worked at the Wailuku Female Seminary in Maui from 1840 until its closure in 1849. After the seminary closed, he helped construct the nevertheless standing Ka'ahumanu Church in Wailuku and operated a small sugarcane plantation that eventually became share of the Wailuku Sugar Company. Bailey's in advance works were sketches and drawings which were engraved by students at the Lahainaluna Seminary in the company of 1833 and 1843. He began painting approximately 1865, at the age of 51, without any formal instruction.
Bailey's best known paintings are landscapes depicting the natural beauty of central Maui. The Bailey House Museum (Wailuku, Hawaii) and the Lyman House Memorial Museum (Hilo, Hawaii) are in the middle of the public collections holding works by Edward Bailey.