Archibald John Motley, Jr. (October 7, 1891 – January 16, 1981), was an American visual artist. He studied painting at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago during the 1910s, graduating in 1918. Motley is most famous for his lustrous chronicling of the African-American experience in Chicago during the 1920s and 1930s, and is considered one of the major contributors to the Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement, a get older in which African-American art reached further heights not just in New York but across America—its local expression is referred to as the Chicago Black Renaissance.
The New Negro Movement marked a period of renewed, flourishing black psyche. There was a newfound reply of black artistic and aesthetic culture. Consequently, many black artists felt a moral obligation to Make works that would perpetuate a Definite representation of black people. During this time, Alain Locke coined the idea of the "New Negro", which was focused on creating future and uplifting images of blacks within society. The synthesis of black representation and visual culture drove the basis of Motley's put it on as "a means of affirming racial idolization and race pride." His use of color and notable fixation upon skin-tone, demonstrated his artistic portrayal of blackness as creature multidimensional. Motley himself was of contaminated race, and often felt unsettled more or less his own racial identity. Thus, his art often demonstrated the complexities and multifaceted nature of black culture and life.