George W. Bush
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. A believer of the Bush intimates and Republican Party, he in the past served as the 46th commissioner of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
While in his twenties, Bush flew warplanes in the Texas Air National Guard. After graduating from Harvard Business School in 1975, he worked in the oil industry. In 1978, Bush unsuccessfully ran for the House of Representatives. He superior co-owned the Texas Rangers baseball team in the past he was elected proprietor of Texas in 1994. As governor, Bush successfully sponsored legislation for tort reform, increased education funding, set far ahead standards for schools, and reformed the criminal justice system. He as well as helped make Texas the leading producer of wind powered electricity in the nation. In the 2000 presidential election, Bush defeated Democratic incumbent Vice President Al Gore after a narrow and contested win that in force a Supreme Court decision to End a recount in Florida. He became the fourth person to be elected president without a popular vote victory.
Upon taking office, Bush signed a major tax cut program and education reform bill, the No Child Left Behind Act. He pushed for socially conservative efforts such as the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act and faith-based initiatives. A decisive issue that reshaped his administration were the terrorist attacks upon September 11, 2001, resulting in the instigation of the Department of Homeland Security and war upon terror. Bush ordered an raid of Afghanistan, beginning the War in Afghanistan to overthrow the Taliban, destroy al-Qaeda, and take possession of Osama box Laden. He signed the Patriot Act in order to certificate surveillance of suspected terrorists. In 2003, Bush ordered an violence of Iraq which began the Iraq War, falsely arguing that the Saddam Hussein regime possessed weapons of accrual destruction. Bush moreover signed the Medicare Modernization Act, creating Medicare Part D and funding for PEPFAR.
Bush was re-elected president in 2004, defeating Democrat John Kerry. During his second term, Bush reached multiple release trade agreements. He appointed John Roberts and Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court. He sought major changes to Social Security and immigration laws, but both efforts fruitless in Congress. Bush was widely criticized for his handling of Hurricane Katrina and the midterm dismissal of U.S. attorneys. In the midst of his unpopularity, the Democrats regained direct of Congress in the 2006 elections. The Afghanistan and Iraq wars continued and in January 2007, Bush launched a surge of troops in Iraq. By December, the U.S. entered the Great Recession, prompting the Bush administration to get grip of congressional commend for compound economic programs intended to maintain the country's financial system including the Troubled Asset Relief Program.
After achievement his second term, Bush returned to Texas, where his presidential library opened in 2013. He was in the middle of the most popular and unpopular presidents in U.S. history, having normal the highest recorded compliments ratings in the wake of the September 11 attacks, but one of the lowest such ratings during the 2007–2008 financial crisis. Bush's organization has been rated as below-average, although public and educational favorability of his presidency have enlarged since leaving behind office.