Gloria Frances Stuart (born Gloria Stewart; July 4, 1910 – September 26, 2010) was an American actress, visual artist, and activist. She was known for her roles in Pre-Code films, and garnered renewed fame late in vibrancy for her portrayal of Rose Dawson Calvert in James Cameron's epic romance Titanic (1997), the highest-grossing film of whatever time at the time. Her measure in the film won her a Screen Actors Guild Award and earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture.
A indigenous of Santa Monica, California, Stuart began acting even if in tall school. After attending the University of California, Berkeley, she embarked on a career in theater, performing in local productions and summer heap in Los Angeles and New York City. She signed a film contract bearing in mind Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925 and Universal Pictures in 1932, and acted in numerous films for the studio, including the horror films The Old Dark House (1932) and The Invisible Man (1933), followed by roles in the Shirley Temple musicals Poor Little Rich Girl (1936) and Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1938). She plus starred as Queen Anne in the musical comedy The Three Musketeers (1939).
Beginning in 1940, Stuart slowed her film career, instead stand-in in regional theater in New England. In 1945, following a tenure as a contract artiste for Twentieth Century Fox, Stuart solitary her acting career and shifted to a career as an artist, working as a Good printer and making paintings, serigraphy, miniature books, Bonsai, and découpage for the adjacent three decades. She produced numerous pieces during this period, many of which are part of collections in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Stuart gradually returned to acting in the late 1970s, appearing in several bit parts, including in Richard Benjamin's My Favorite Year (1982) and Wildcats (1986). She made a prominent recompense to mainstream cinema taking into account she was cast as the 100-year-old elder Rose Dawson Calvert in Titanic (1997), which earned her numerous accolades and renewed attention. Her solution film do something was in Wim Wenders' Land of Plenty (2004). She died of respiratory failure in September 2010, aged 100.
In accessory to her acting and art careers, Stuart was a lifelong environmental and embassy activist, who served as a co-founding fanatic of the Screen Actors Guild and the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League.