Ralph Bakshi (Hebrew: ראלף בקשי; born October 29, 1938) is an Israeli-born American director of vibrant and live-action films. In the 1970s, he received an vary to mainstream cheerfulness through independent and adult-oriented productions. Between 1972 and 1992, he directed nine theatrically released feature films, five of which he wrote. He has been effective in numerous television projects as director, writer, producer, and animator.
Beginning his career at the Terrytoons television energy studio as a cel polisher, Bakshi was eventually promoted to animator, and after that director. He moved to the lightheartedness division of Paramount Pictures in 1967 and started his own studio, Bakshi Productions, in 1968. Through producer Steve Krantz, Bakshi made his debut feature film, Fritz the Cat, released in 1972. It was based upon the comic strip by Robert Crumb and was the first lively film to receive an X rating from the Motion Picture Association of America, and is the most successful independent full of life feature of all time.
Over the next 11 years, Bakshi directed seven new animated features. He is skillfully known for such films as Wizards (1977), The Lord of the Rings (1978), American Pop (1981), and Fire and Ice (1983). In 1987, Bakshi returned to television work, producing the series Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures, which ran for two years. After a nine-year hiatus from feature films, he directed Cool World (1992), which was largely rewritten during production and received destitute reviews, consequently creature his last theatrical feature-length film to date. Bakshi returned to television gone the live-action film Cool and the Crazy (1994) and the anthology series Spicy City (1997).
During the 2000s, he focused largely on Good art and painting, and in 2003, co-founded the Bakshi School of Animation similar to his son Eddie and Jess Gorell. Bakshi has established several awards for his work, including the 1980 Golden Gryphon for The Lord of the Rings at the Giffoni Film Festival, the 1988 Annie Award for Distinguished Contribution to the Art of Animation, and the 2003 Maverick Tribute Award at the Cinequest Film Festival.