Toxic (graffiti artist)

Torrick Ablack, also known as Toxic (born January 16, 1965) is an American artiste who was allocation of the Graffiti endeavor of the at the forefront 1980s in New York City. He transitioned from street art to exhibiting his paintings in galleries and museums internationally.

== Life and career ==Ablack was born in Bronx, New York on January 16, 1965. His mommy was Puerto Rican and his father's associates came from Trinidad. In his youth he was final the nickname Toxic Battery, which became his graffiti tag. He began painting graffiti at the age of 13 like A-One and Kool Koor. They joined Rammellzee's graffiti crew Tag Master Killers, which in addition to consisted of Delta2. Each zealot designed their own style for arming letters based on Rammellzee's theory of Gothic Futurism, which describes graffiti as the weaponization of letters in a fight to reclaim language from a "diseased culture" of social control. In the yet to be 1980s, they were in the middle of the graffiti artists bringing original art and music from the Bronx and Queens to the downtown art scene. In 1982, Toxic, A-One, and Kool Koor participated in the group show Camouflaged Panzerism at Fashion Moda in South Bronx.

Toxic met player Jean-Michel Basquiat soon after Basquiat's exhibit at Annina Nosei Gallery in 1982. Basquiat became his mentor and hired him as an occasional studio assistant. In late 1982, Toxic and Rammellzee accompanied Basquiat to Los Angeles while he prepared for his take effect at the Gagosian Gallery. While in Los Angeles, where they were struck by how the film industry portrayed African Americans, especially during the Golden Age of Hollywood. In response, they dubbed themselves the Hollywood Africans as a social and political verification to counter the stereotypical portrayals of African Americans in Hollywood. The trio are depicted in Basquiat's paintings Hollywood Africans in tummy of the Chinese Theater similar to Footprints of Movie Stars (1983) and Hollywood Africans (1983).

Toxic stayed true to the graffiti spraying technique and worked on canvases pinned to the wall. His put it on became more abstract than the tags he wrote upon subway cars. In 1984, Toxic participated in the help show Arte di Frontiera: New York Graffiti in Italy. He was portion of the exhibit Rapid Enamel at the University of Chicago in 2014, which was the first showcasing of graffiti in an American institution. His artwork has previously appeared in the collections of major museums, including the Brooklyn Museum, the Groninger Museum and the Museum of the City of New York. In 2013, he was featured in the exhibit Last of the Hollywood Africans: Toxic, Rammellzee and Jean-Michel Basquiat at Londonewcastle Project Space in London. In 2015, he was featured in the help exhibit Le Pressionnisme at Pinacothèque de Paris. That year, he participated in the exhibit Graffiti, New York meets the Dam at the Amsterdam Museum. In 2020, his painting, Ransom Note: CEE (1984), was included in the exhibit Writing the Future: Basquiat and the Hip-Hop Generation at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Toxic designed a wallpaper, a printed linen, and a wall panel in collaboration with French textile home Pierre Frey.

He is based in France, but spends his time between Paris, Florence, and New York.

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