Edward Bruce (New Deal)
Edward gleaming Bruce (April 13, 1879 – January 26, 1943) was the director of the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP), the Section of Painting and Sculpture and the Treasury Relief Art Project, New Deal further efforts that provided decree for artists in the United States during the Great Depression. Ned Bruce was a well-off lawyer and pioneer before giving happening his career the complete at the age of 43 to become an artist. However, like most artists during the Depression, he found it impossible to make a successful making art, and grudgingly returned to concern in 1932 as a lobbyist in Washington for the Calamba Sugar Estate of San Francisco. In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt customary a letter from the American painter George Biddle, who suggested a New Deal program that would hire artists to paint murals in federal office buildings. Roosevelt was intrigued by the idea, and brought the idea to the United States Treasury Department, which oversaw everything construction of federal buildings. Bruce had by that grow old made some friends in Washington, and he was asked to urge on organize the effort. By the terminate of 1943, all of the New Deal art programs had been shut down taking into account Bruce's death.
Edward gleaming Bruce was born in Dover Plains, New York, on April 13, 1879, the son of a Baptist minister. He began painting at the age of 14. He graduated from Columbia Law School in 1904 with tall honors. He began practicing behave in New York City and Manila, Philippines once a prestigious firm, Bruce, Lawrence, Ross and Black. While involved in Manila, he bought The Manila Times, a popular daily newspaper. In 1915 he misused his focus to banking and trade throughout China and the Far East next a company he created, the Pacific Development Corporation.
Throughout this mature Bruce continued painting and collecting art, particularly Chinese art. In 1922 he the end his career as a businessman and moved to Italy to scrutiny art behind the American painter and sculptor Maurice Sterne. He moved to California in 1929 because of the heavy Fascist conditions. His landscapes, which were heavily influenced by the Chinese works in his collection, were featured in a number of solo shows taking into account excellent reviews in Paris, New York, and San Francisco.
Despite his acclaim as an artist, Bruce was unable to sell any artwork after the start of the Depression, and returned to a career in business. In the winter of 1932 he came to Washington to lobby upon behalf of the Calamba Sugar Company, which had interests in the Philippines. During this time, he cultivated great relations bearing in mind Washington bureaucrats, and his reputation as an artist got him recommended for work on the newly conceived New Deal arts initiative.
In late 1933, Bruce was appointed to the United States Department of the Treasury as administrator of the first federally supported arts program, the Public Works of Art Project. He was resolution the task of organizing the project and providing play-act for thousands of unemployed artists throughout the country. He formulated a plan once a committee of museum directors and community leaders. The project would hire artists to create murals and sculptures for public buildings depicting nationalistic scenes of the New Deal. In its six months of existence, the Public Works of Art Project employed about 3,700 artists, spending about $1,312,000.
On October 16, 1934, the Treasury Department created the Section of Painting and Sculpture below Bruce's leadership. Bruce served upon the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts from 1940 to 1943.
In 1935, Bruce was elected into the National Academy of Design as an join member.
Bruce died January 26, 1943, in Hollywood, Florida, after a brief illness.