Johannes Ernst Spangenberg
Johannes Ernst (sometimes Ernestus) Spangenberg (1755-1814) was an American fraktur artist.
Spangenberg was for many years called the "Easton Bible artist" because he ornamented a Bible for the German Reformed church located in Easton, Pennsylvania. Most of his pieces were created for kids in the vicinities of Easton and Greenwich Township, Sussex County, New Jersey, on the extra side of the Delaware River; he then worked in Nockamixon Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He produced birth and baptismal ledgers and ownership pages for ledgers and books, and decorated two Bibles during his career, both for religious congregations. He was a veteran of the American Revolutionary War and a zealot of the Lutheran Church. By profession a schoolmaster, Spangenberg was a resident of Easton along in imitation of his wife, Elizabeth Blantz, with whom he had eleven children. He is buried in the Hays Cemetery in Easton.
For many years Spangenberg's declare was unknown, until he was identified by Smithsonian Institution curator Monroe Fabian. A unique feature of his conduct yourself is the depiction, in many of his pieces, of musicians carrying and playing their instruments. He was bilingual, sometimes producing inscriptions for the thesame individual in both English and German. Examples of his perform are in the collections of the American Folk Art Museum and the Winterthur Museum.